PVLAS Experiment


Published papers

  • The PVLAS experiment: measuring vacuum magnetic birefringence and dichroism with a birefringent Fabry-Perot, F. Della Valle et al., Eur. Phys. J. C (2016) 76:2
  • First results from the new PVLAS apparatus : a new limit on vacuum magnetic birefringence,   F. della Valle et al.,  Phys Rev. D 90, 092003 (2014)
  • Extremely long decay time optical cavity, F. della Valle et al., Opt. Express  22, 11570 (2014)
  • Measurement of the Cotton Mouton effect of water vapor, F. della Valle et  al., Chem. Phys.  Lett. 592, 288 (2014)
  • F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, E. Milotti, G. Messineo, R. Pengo, L. Piemontese, G. Ruoso, G. Zavattini: "The new PVLAS apparatus for detection of magnetic birefringence of vacuum", Nucl. Instrum. Methods  Phys. Res.  A718, 495 (2013)
  • Measurements of vacuum magnetic birefringence using permanent dipole magnets: the PVLAS experiment,  F. della Valle et al., New J. Phys. 15 (2013) 053026
  • G. Zavattini, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, E. Milotti, G. Messineo, R. Pengo, L. Piemontese, G. Ruoso: "The PVLAS experiment for measuring the magnetic birefringence of vacuum", Il Nuovo Cimento 36C (2013) 41
  • E. Milotti, F. Della Valle, G. Zavattini, G. Messineo, U. Gastaldi, R. Pengo, G. Ruoso, D. Babusci, C. Curceanu, M. Iliescu, C. Milardi: "Exploring quantum vacuum with low-energy photons", Int. J. of Quantum Information 10 (2012) 1241002 (abstract)
  • G. Zavattini, U. Gastaldi, R. Pengo, G. Ruoso, F. Della Valle, and E. Milotti: "Measuring the Birefringence of Vacuum: the PVLAS Experiment", Int. J. Mod. Phys. A27 (2012) 1260017 (abstract)
  • F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, E. Milotti, R. Pengo, G. Ruoso, and G. Zavattini: "Towards a direct measurement of vacuum magnetic birefringence: PVLAS achievements", Optics Communications 283 (2010) 4194 (abstract)
  • F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, E. Milotti, R. Pengo, G. Ruoso, and G. Zavattini: "The PVLAS experiment and its results: probing the quantum vacuum with polarized light and magnetic fields", World Scientific eProceedings: "QUANTUM FIELD THEORY UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF EXTERNAL CONDITIONS (QFEXT09) Devoted to the Centenary of H B G Casimir, Proceedings of the Ninth Conference", (2010) 147 (abstract)
  • M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattinia, and G. Zavattini (PVLAS Collaboration): "Erratum to "Measurement of the Cotton-Mouton effect in krypton and xenon at 1064 nm with the PVLAS apparatus" [Chem. Phys. Lett. 392 (2004) 276] and "A precise measurement of the Cotton-Mouton effect in neon" [Chem. Phys. Lett. 410 (2005) 288]", Chemical Physics Letters 477 (2009) 415 (abstract)
  • M. Bregant et al. (PVLAS Collaboration): "New precise measurement of the Cotton-Mouton effect in helium", Chemical Physics Letters 471 (2009) 322  (abstract)
  • M. Bregant et al. (PVLAS Collaboration): "Limits on Low Energy Photon-Photon Scattering from an Experiment on Magnetic Vacuum Birefringence", Phys. Rev. D 77 (2008) 032006 (abstract)
  • Recent Results from the PVLAS Experiment on the Magnetized Vacuum, in Axions. Theory, Cosmology, and Experimental Searches, a cura di M. Kuster, G. Raffelt, B. Beltran, Lect. Notes Phys. 741, 157 (2008) (abstract)
  • On measuring birefringences and dichroisms using Fabry-Perot cavities, Appl. Phys. B 83, 571 (2006)
  • Experimental observation of optical rotation generated in vacuum by a magnetic field, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 110406 (2006)
  • A precise measurement of the Cotton-Mouton effect in neon, Chem. Phys. Lett. 410, 288 (2005)
  • Sine-fit procedure for unevenly sampled, multiply clocked signals, J. Comp. Phys. 202, 134 (2005)
  • Measurement of the Cotton-Mouton effect in Krypton and Xenon at 1064 nm with the PVLAS apparatus, Chem. Phys. Lett. 392 , 276 (2004)
  • Frequency locking to a high-finesse Fabry-Perot cavity of a frequency doubled Nd:YAG laser used as the optical modulator, Rev. Sci. Instr. 73, 4142 (2002)
  • Stress-optic modulator: a novel device for high sensitivity linear birefringence measurements, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 1503 (2001)
  • First evidence for the linear magnetic birefringence of the reflecting surface of interferential mirrors, Appl. Phys. B 68, 703 (1999)
  • Cotton-Mouton effect of molecular oxygen: a novel measurement, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1278 (1998)
  • Experimental method to detect the magnetic birefringence of vacuum, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 239 (1998)
  • Measurement of the phase anisotropy of very high reflectivity interferential mirrors, Appl. Phys. B 65, 351 (1997)
  • Very high Q frequency-locked Fabry-Perot cavity, Rev. Sci. Instr. 67, 2680 (1996)
  • Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as the optical phase modulator, Rev. Sci. Instr. 66, 2785 (1995)
  • Measurement of the birefringence properties of the reflecting surface of an interferential mirror, Appl. Phys. B 57, 95 (1993)
  • Proposed measurement of the vacuum birefringence induced by a magnetic field on high energy photons, Phys. Lett. B 265, 418 (1991)


Proceedings and preprints

  • A Polarisation modulation scheme for measuring vacuum magnetic birefringence with static fields, G. Zavattini et al. arXiv 1601.03986v1
  • The PVLAS experiment: measuring vacuum magnetic birefringence and dichroism with a birefringent Fabry-Perot, F. Della Valle et al., arXiv:1510.08052v1 [physics.optics]  27 Oct 2015
  •  Progress toward a direct experimental detection of γγ interactions, A. Ejlli et al., presented at QCD15 Int. Conf. 29 june-3 july 2015 Montpellier, to be published  in Nucl. and Part. Phys. Proc.
  • Results and Prospects of measuring  vacuum magnetic birefringence with PVLAS, G. Zavattini et al., presented at  Photon 2015, 15-19 june  2015 Novosibirsk
  • New PVLAS model independent limit for the axion coupling to γγ for axion masses above 1 meV,    F. della Valle et al., arXiv:1410.4081v1 hep-ex 15 Oct 2014
  • F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, E. Milotti, R. Pengo, G. Ruoso, G. Zavattini: "Towards a direct measurement of vacuum magnetic birefringence: PVLAS achievements" (arXiv:0907.2642)
  • M. Bregant et al. (PVLAS Collaboration): "Limits on Low Energy Photon-Photon Scattering from an Experiment on Magnetic Vacuum Birefringence" ((preprint arXiv:0805.3036)
  • E. Zavattini et al. (PVLAS Collaboration): "New PVLAS results and limits on magnetically induced optical rotation and ellipticity in vacuum", (preprint arXiv:0706.3419)
  • XII International Workshop on “Neutrino Telescopes”, Venezia, Italia, 6-9 marzo 2007, "PVLAS", in XII International Workshop on “Neutrino Telescopes”, a cura di M. Baldo Ceolin, (Papergraf, Padova, 2007), p. 373
  • ICHEP'06, XXXIII International Conference on High Energy Physics, Mosca, Russia, 26 luglio - 2 agosto 2006, "Observation of vacuum induced birefringence induced by a transverse magnetic field", in High Energy Physics ICHEP'06. Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference, a cura di A. Sissakian, G. Kozlov & E. Kolganova,  (World Scientific, Singapore, 2007) p. 218
  • QCD 06, 13th International QCD Conference, Montpellier, France, 3-7 luglio 2006, "Experimental observation of vacuum birefringence", Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl) 174, 233 (2007)
  • QCD 05, 12th International QCD Conference, Montpellier, France, 4-8 settembre 2005, "PVLAS: probing vacuum with polarized light",  Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 164, 264 (2007)
  • 40th Rencontres de Moriond, Electroweak interactions and unified theories, La Thuile, Italy, 5-12 marzo 2005, "PVLAS results"
  • 5th WSEAS International Conference on Signal Processing, Computational Geometry & Artificial Vision, Malta, 15-17 settembre 2005, "Signal Processing in the PVLAS Experiment", WSEAS Trans. Syst. 11, 1931 (2005)
  • XI International Workshop on “Neutrino Telescopes”, Venezia, Italia, 22-25 febbraio 2005, "Experimental observation of magnetically induced linear dichroism of vacuum", in XI International Workshop on “Neutrino Telescopes”, a cura di M. Baldo Ceolin, (Papergraf, Padova, 2005), p. 433
  • IDM2004, 5th International Workshop on the Identification of Dark Matter, Edinburgh (UK), 6-10 settembre 2004, "PVLAS results on laser production of axion-like dark matter candidate particles", in Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on the Identification of Dark Matter, a cura di N.J.C. Spooner e V. Kudryavtsev, (World Scientific, Singapore, 2005) p. 420
  • IDM 2002, 4th International Workshop on the Identification of Dark Matter, York (UK), 2-6 settembre 2002, "Particle laser production at PVLAS: recent developments", in Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on the Identification of Dark Matter, a cura di N.J.C. Spooner e V. Kudryavtsev, (World Scientific, Singapore, 2003) p. 414
  • QNDE 2002, 29th Review on Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Bellingham, Washington, 14-19 luglio 2002, "Mechanical and electrical noise in the PVLAS experiment", CP657, Review of Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation Vol. 22, a cura di D. O. Thompson e D. E. Chimenti, (American Institute of Physics, Melville, N.Y., 2003), p. 635
  • ICFA-HB2002, 20th ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop High Intensity High Brightness Hadron Beams, Batavia, Illinois, 8-12 aprile 2002, "PVLAS Developments on Fabry-Perot Resonators Locked to CW Lasers and Suitable for Laser Assisted Lorentz Stripping of H− Beams", CP642, High Intensity and High Brightness Hadron Beams: 20th ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High Intensity and High Brightness Hadron Beams, a cura di W. Chou, Y. Mori, D. Neuffer e J.-F. Ostiguy, (American Institute of Physics, Melville, N.Y., 2002), p. 343
  • QED 2000, 2nd Workshop on Quantum Electrodynamics and Physics of Vacuum, Trieste, 5-11 Ottobre 2000, "The PVLAS Collaboration: Experimental Search for Anisotrpy of the Phase Velocity of Light in Vacuum Due to a Static Magnetic Field", CP564, Quantum Electrodynamics and Physics of Vacuum, a cura di G. Cantatore, (American Institute of Physics, Melville, N.Y., 2001), p. 77
  • IDM 2000, 3rd International Workshop on the Identification of Dark Matter, York, (Gran Bretagna), 18-22 settembre 2000, "First Run of the PVLAS Experiment: Dark Matter Candidates Production and Detection", in Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on The Identification of Dark Matter, a cura di N.J.C. Spooner e V. Kudryavtsev, (World Scientific, Singapore, 2001), p. 481
  • Frontier Detectors for Frontier Physics, 8th Pisa Meeting on Advanced Detectors, La Biodola, Isola d'Elba, 21-27 Maggio 2000, "Optical production and detection of dark matter candidates", Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 461, 329, (2001)
  • IDM98, 2nd International Workshop on the Identification of Dark Matter, Buxton, (Gran Bretagna), 7-11 settembre 1998, "Current Status of the PVLAS experiment", in Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on The Identification of Dark Matter, a cura di N.J.C. Spooner e V. Kudryavtsev, (World Scientific, Singapore, 1999), p. 435
  • Frontier Tests of Quantum Electrodynamics and Physics of the Vacuum, Sandanski, (Bulgaria), 9-15 giugno 1998, "Magnetic Birefringence of Vacuum: the PVLAS Experiment", in Frontier Tests of QED and Physics of the Vacuum, a cura di E. Zavattini, D. Bakalov e C. Rizzo, (Heron Press, Sofia, 1998), p. 59
  • DM97, 1st International Conference on Dark Matter, Trieste 9-11 dicembre 1997, "Experimental study of the quantum vacuum. Production and detection of dark matter candidates in the PVLAS experiment", in Dark Matter, a cura di P. Salucci, (Studio Editoriale Fiorentino, Firenze, 1998), p. 106
  • 3rd Euroconference on Atomic Physics with stored Highly Charged Beams, Ferrara, 22-26 settembre 1997, "The measurement of vacuum polarization: the PVLAS experiment", Hyperfine Interactions, 114, 103 (1998)
  • IDM96, 1st International Workshop on the Identification of Dark Matter, Sheffield, (Gran Bretagna), 8-11 settembre 1996, "Status of the PVLAS experiment: production and detection of dark matter candidates", in Proceedings of the First International Workshop on The Identification of Dark Matter, a cura di Neil J.C. Spooner, (World Scientific, Singapore, 1997), p. 372
  • MG7, 7th Marcel Grossmann Meeting on General Relativity, Stanford (California), 24-29 luglio 1994, "Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as Optical Phase Modulator", in The Seventh Marcel Grossmann Meeting on recent developments in theoretical and experimental general relativity, gravitation, and relativistic field theories, a cura di R.T. Jantzen e G. Mac Keiser, (World Scientific, Singapore, 1997), p. 1379
  • MG7, 7th Marcel Grossmann Meeting on General Relativity, Stanford (California), 24-29 luglio 1994, "Production and detection of dark matter candidates: the PVLAS experiment", in The Seventh Marcel Grossmann Meeting on recent developments in theoretical and experimental general relativity, gravitation, and relativistic field theories, a cura di R.T. Jantzen e G. Mac Keiser, (World Scientific, Singapore, 1997), p. 1329
  • Seventh Rochester Conference on Coherence and Quantum Optics, Università di Rochester (U.S.A.), 7-10 giugno 1995, "Testing Quantum Electrodynamics: vacuum polarizability and Casimir forces", in Coherence and Quantum Optics VII, a cura di J.H. Eberly, L. Mandel e E. Wolf, (Plenum, New York, 1996), p. 399
  • TAUP93, 3rd International Workshop on Theory and Phenomenology in Astroparticle and Underground Physics, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Assergi (AQ), 19-23 settembre 1993, "PVLAS: vacuum birefringence and production and detection of nearly massless, weakly coupled particles by optical techniques", Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 35, 180 (1994)
  • The ELFE Project, an Electron Laboratory for Europe, Physics with a 15-30~GeV High Intensity Continuous Beam Electron Accelerator, Mainz (Germania), 7-9 ottobre 1992, "A measurement of the vacuum birefringence induced by a magnetic field with high energy photons", in The ELFE Project, an Electron Laboratory for Europe, Physics with a 15-30 GeV High Intensity Continuous Beam Electron Accelerator, Conference Proceedings of the Italian Physical Society, vol. 44, a cura di J. Arvieux e E. De Sanctis, (Società Italiana di Fisica, Bologna, 1993), p. 489
  • From Galileo's "occhialino" to optoelectronics: frontiers of optical systems and materials, Padova, 9-12 giugno 1992, "Polarization rotation in multipass optical cavities", in From Galileo’s “Occhialino" to Optoelectronics, a cura di P. Mazzoldi, (World Scientific, Singapore, 1993), p. 836



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